Seedling development maple and others
Small seedling in Japan are wired while very small. This helps create movement in the trunk. Remember as the tree grows those exaggerated curves will straighten some what, but it is a good method for me to grow seedlings.
This are some pictures I found on Face book, not sure to whom they belong, but it is another way of tree development that I use and like a lot.
Meanwhile if you remove some bark under those branches that touch the ground, you will have them rooted for new trees and will help fatten your tree faster.
This particular example is for a medium size tree. You need to consider how large your tree will be before bending the seedling. Remember the first part of the trunk is 1/3 of the total height of the tree.
For mame trees You grow and cut back developing each section of the trunk from a new leader, keeping the new portions of the trunk very short. That you do for sumo trunks also. I have an example here on the blog by All how that is done.
This is a lazy and somewhat faster method of developing seedlings for bonsai and it can be applied to many trees.
This is a seedling I bought in SA on 2013-06-25 at around 15 cm height.
I first pinched the top to get some budding low down, and ones I got some shoots I wired it. Notice that the wiring is 3 dimensional and not just in one plane.
The left branch will be used as sacrifice branch and cut off later.
This is how it looked Febr 2014
Notice the tree is just left to grow freely, without any cutting.
Chopping a tree when You want to heal the wound fast can be done with the wedge method…half way chopping/carving it and leaving the top portion to grow. It results in faster healing and additional growth to the lower section, while developing the second section of the trunk. This can be done almost any time during the growing season.
When I do the curving for healing and removal of the leader I shall post updates here in this thread and notify you, but I have done it recently on my ficus microcarpa if you want to have a look how it is done. There I shall enlarge the carving in spring and slope it somewhat to the sides. The healing always starts from the top.
What are the future plans:
Eventually when the tree has reaches the required thickness of the trunk and leader it will be chopped back. Remember that with the notch method, you are healing and growing the trunk at the same time. You can use it continually for all sections of the trunk. Notch the leader towards the end of the tree development and leave it as long as needed.
Best and fastest way to develop trees is in the ground but attention must be paid to the root development , thickness, position…in order to create a good nebari at the same time. For that you might need to work on the roots but that I will post on another thread my own method of nebari development…Lazy, easy, but very effective and it does not slow the tree growth as much as digging the tree and chopping all the roots. Plus that is much safer method.
This tree will have its roots worked on and planted in the ground in spring.